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Effect of WC-Ni Powder Composition and Preparation on Cold Spray Performance

1 Solvus Global, Worcester, MA 01605, USA 2 US Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Aberdeen, MD 21005, USA 3 Raytheon Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT 06108, USA *Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Coatings 2020, 10(12), 1196;

Received: 14 November 2020 / Revised: 3 December 2020 / Accepted: 4 December 2020 / Published: 8 December 2020

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Developments of Cold Spray Coating)


Toxic metal reduction is at the forefront of many design considerations today; additive manufacturing has the ability to combine materials in ways other traditional processes cannot and has the potential to offer unique solutions to reduce hazardous materials needed in manufacturing. Tungsten carbide (WC) has been used as a substitute in wear applications where toxic processes are traditionally utilized, but it can be difficult to deposit high-quality, hard and durable coatings. Additionally, there is a need to apply WC coatings on surfaces not feasible with the current processes. Cold spray, a solid-state directed powder deposition process, is effective at depositing carbides, though powders must be thoughtfully designed to achieve desired mechanical properties. In this study, WC was investigated as a hard chrome alternative for wear applications. Various blend ratios and preparation methods were evaluated as feedstock powder and then sprayed. Feedstock characteristics were compared to cold spray performance. Cold spray consolidations were evaluated for coating porosity and hardness. It was found that when powder make-up and composition were optimized, a high-hardness and low-porosity material was made that will contribute to the reduction in dependency of Cr in wear-facing components. View Full-Text


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